Monday, 23 January 2012

The Proposed ‘Stop Online Piracy Act’ Could Be a Threat to the Freedom of Speech



Mikael Järvelin from the Finnish Institute blogs about the latest news on The United States' war against online piracy.

Last Wednesday, the January 18th, the English Wikipedia and many other significant websites blacked out for 24 hours. The blackout was a protest against The United States house bill, SOPA (Stop Online Piracy Act) and senate bill, PIPA (Protect Intellectual Property Act), which have been put forward to fight online trafficking in copyrighted intellectual property and counterfeit goods. The Proposals would ban advertising on the allegedly infringing websites, bar search engines from linking to these sites and order Internet service providers to prohibit access to these sites. The proposal would also criminalize streaming of forbidden content with a maximum penalty of five years in prison.

Possibly the biggest problem with these proposals is that if carried out in their current form, they would also harm perfectly legal websites. Websites that are designed to able shearing of files or videos would for example be in danger, because they enable sharing of copyrighted material. These websites would be responsible for the files that the users post on their website. The government and some major corporations, such as record companies and movie studios, would have a chance to shut down websites that hold copyrighted material. These shutdowns wouldn’t even require a hearing or a trial.

One of the biggest concerns with these new proposed laws is that they would enable censoring of websites in a large scale. The United States would enable censorship of foreign websites. This would cause a serious threat to the freedom of speech as the United States government and some major corporations could censor foreign web pages. This has even been compared to the Chinese censorship on the Internet. United States would hardly be pleased about this sort of reputation.

What is comforting is that the protests by Wikipedia and the like-minded websites really made a difference. Before the blackout, the majority in the congress had supported the proposal, but afterwards there has been more opposition than support. Some people have called protests unnecessary, because in their view the proposal was unlikely to pass anyway. Even further, some have criticized that it is overreacting to close down global service because of one country’s national politics. Nevertheless, the protest really changed minds, so it is clear that the effort was not futile.

Only two days after the protests, SOPA and PIPA were temporarily shelved. The proposals will be reconsidered, but one thing is sure. We haven’t heard the last of these proposals. They will be back soon. We can only hope, that passing of these laws will not be reality in their current form, since this could cause a serious threat to democracy and to the freedom of speech.

Mikael Järvelin
The Finnish Institute in London

24 comments:

Bose said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Lisa said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
tahir said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
deny andoid said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
deny andoid said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
deny andoid said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
deny andoid said...
This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.
Alex Edward said...

You have posted a fantastic article here, worth reading here
Leather Jackets

Sagheni Sagheni said...

We recommend that you also need to know the characteristics vimax so you are not wrong to buy
Menapause disease easily cured with obat perangsang wanita specially formulated to cure the disease
Many people ask how to distinguish between vimax asli canada with a fake if you know the answer
A wide variety of animals in Indonesia which could for obat pembesar penis one of which is a leech to know how to make it
Canada is one of the countries that produce obat vimax are already known various countries one of which is the state of Asia more info read
One of the tools pembesar penis is vacuum and how to use it should be a routine every morning and evening safe with no side effects when compared with
Penyakit menapause mudah di sembuhkan dengan obat perangsang wanita yang diramu khusus untuk menyembuhkan penyakit tersebut
obat sipilis Yiuloratsuyali merupakan obat herbal yang mampu mengobati berbagai sipilis atau raja singa , gejala gonore , kencing nanah , kencing keluar nanah , kencing yang terasa sakit , alat kelamin keluar nanah dan penis bernanah yang sampai membuat gatal-gatal bahkan keluar bintik-bintik merah pada sekitar kemaluan akibat penyakit sipilis .

Sagheni Sagheni said...

vimax canada adalah obat herbal yang di khususkan untuk kaum lelaki , yang berfungsi sebagai obat pembesar penis permanen dan memperpanjang sesuai yang di inginkan , secara cepat dan akurat tanpa efek samping serta dengan hasil permanen , Vimax Canada Asli tersebut telah menjadi pilihan para konsumen international

vimax canada adalah produk suplement obat pembesar penis herbal yang sangat efektif dan berkhasiat untuk masalah laki-laki


COMMON QUESTIONS ABOUT PRODUCTS vimax
Who should not drink obat vimax? Yes what age? Vimax is safe for consumption all men of age 17-74 years.
Does vimax asli side effects? No ... vimax made by the team physician experienced through research and clinical trials over the years. For more than 11 years in circulation, vimax reportedly did not cause any side effects.
Do vimax canada safe for people with diabetes, hypertension, hypotension, heart, kidneys? Very secure at all, because vimax made of herbal ingredients. besides it can also help reduce other diseases.
Does vimax obat pembesar penis create dependency? No, when we have reached the stage of maximum and we are satisfied with the results vimax, we can stop taking it.
Does vimax pembesar penis can make allergies? Not unless you are indeed allergic to the content that is in vimax.

Bingung Jeneng said...

I am really thankful to the holder of this website who has shared this wonderful piece of writing at here.

bet365 || lapak303 || asikqq

Nooran Telecommunications said...

در این مقاله علاقه مندان می توانند روش های ایجاد امنیت در شبکه های کامپیوتری و مفهوم Network Security آشنا بشوند.
ادامه این مقاله شما با انواع حملات شبکه و محافظت و امن سازی شبکه بیشتر آشنا می شوید.

peyman shams said...



لایسنس میکروتیک
خرید لایسنس میکروتیک
کرک میکروتیک
لایسنس 6 میکروتیک
لایسنس 5 میکروتیک
لایسنس 4 میکروتیک
میکروتیک لایسنس
license mikrotik
license mikrotik iran
license میکروتیک
میکروتیک license
فروش لایسنس میکروتیک
لایسنس میکروتیک ایران
لایسنس میکروتیک نوران
کرک لایسنس میکروتیک
کرک mikrotik
لایسنس mikrotik
تهیه لایسنس میکروتیک
لایسنس ارزان میکروتیک
لایسنس لول6 میکروتیک
لایسنس لول5 میکروتیک
لایسنس لول4 میکروتیک
لایسنس لول 6 میکروتیک
لایسنس لول 5 میکروتیک
لایسنس لول 4 میکروتیک
license level 6 میکروتیک
license level 5 میکروتیک
license level 4 میکروتیک
لایسنس level 6 میکروتیک
لایسنس level 5 میکروتیک
لایسنس level 4 میکروتیک
خرید لایسنس 6 میکروتیک
خرید لایسنس 5 میکروتیک
خرید لایسنس 4 میکروتیک
لایسنس روتر میکروتیک
لایسنس های RouterOS میکروتیک
لایسنس سطح 4 میکروتیک
لایسنس سطح 5 میکروتیک
لایسنس سطح 6 میکروتیک
لایسنس روتربرد میکروتیک
لایسنس روتربورد میکروتیک
Mikrotik RouterOS Level 4
Mikrotik RouterOS Level 5
Mikrotik RouterOS Level 6
خرید اینترنتی لایسنس میکروتیک
خرید آنلاین لایسنس میکروتیک

peyman shams said...


لایسنس میکروتیک
خرید لایسنس میکروتیک
کرک میکروتیک
لایسنس 6 میکروتیک
لایسنس 5 میکروتیک
لایسنس 4 میکروتیک
میکروتیک لایسنس
license mikrotik
license mikrotik iran
license میکروتیک
میکروتیک license
فروش لایسنس میکروتیک
لایسنس میکروتیک ایران
لایسنس میکروتیک نوران
کرک لایسنس میکروتیک
کرک mikrotik
لایسنس mikrotik
تهیه لایسنس میکروتیک
لایسنس ارزان میکروتیک
لایسنس لول6 میکروتیک
لایسنس لول5 میکروتیک
لایسنس لول4 میکروتیک
لایسنس لول 6 میکروتیک
لایسنس لول 5 میکروتیک
لایسنس لول 4 میکروتیک
license level 6 میکروتیک
license level 5 میکروتیک
license level 4 میکروتیک
لایسنس level 6 میکروتیک
لایسنس level 5 میکروتیک



peyman shams said...


لایسنس level 4 میکروتیک
خرید لایسنس 6 میکروتیک
خرید لایسنس 5 میکروتیک
خرید لایسنس 4 میکروتیک
لایسنس روتر میکروتیک
لایسنس های RouterOS میکروتیک
لایسنس سطح 4 میکروتیک
لایسنس سطح 5 میکروتیک
لایسنس سطح 6 میکروتیک
لایسنس روتربرد میکروتیک
لایسنس روتربورد میکروتیک
Mikrotik RouterOS Level 4
Mikrotik RouterOS Level 5
Mikrotik RouterOS Level 6
خرید اینترنتی لایسنس میکروتیک
خرید آنلاین لایسنس میکروتیک

NITROCOM said...

The Nitrocom vendor portfolio is a strong and carefully selected collection of the world’s leading wireless, cloud & security innovators. Each vendor is individually outstanding whilst also able to work together to create a simple, yet sophisticated solution.
SIAE MICROELETTRONICA was founded in 1952. Now we are internationally renowned as a leading provider of the most innovative and best performing microwave radio and wireless network solutions. Our equipment enables millions of people in over 90 countries to communicate around the world every day. As an intrinsic element of modern network infrastructure, our customers demand the highest quality, value for money and innovative telecommunications products.
Cambium Networks offers a comprehensive portfolio of fixed reliable, scalable & high-speed wireless backhaul and access solutions.

NITROCOM said...

Ceragon Networks is a worldwide provider of high-capacity LTE-ready wireless backhaul solutions. The company has a broad portfolio of innovative, field-proven technology solutions for wireless service providers as well as private businesses. The Ceragon solutions are designed to deliver voice and premium data services, eliminate the backhaul capacity network as well as significantly reducing the costs and transition to next-generation IP-based networks.
DragonWave is a leading provider of high-capacity packet microwave solutions that drive next-generation IP networks. DragonWave's carrier-grade point-to-point packet microwave systems transmit broadband voice, video and data, enabling service providers, government agencies, enterprises and other organizations to meet their increasing bandwidth requirements rapidly and affordably. The principal application of DragonWave's portfolio is wireless network backhaul, including a range of products ideally suited to support the emergence of underlying small cell networks. Additional solutions include leased line replacement, last mile fiber extension and enterprise networks. DragonWave's award winning products are known in the industry for their leading capacity, reliability, and spectral efficiency.

NITROCOM said...

3Roam provides high-capacity microwave transmission equipments for wireless and packet networks convergence. 3Roam solutions aim at bridging the gap between traditional microwave transmission technologies and advanced networking techniques.
Micran is a modern innovative enterprise with a strong team of specialists, combining experience in the different spheres of microwave electronics, communications, radio location, test and measurement equipment and information security. This unique, talented, multi-disciplinary team is viewed very positively by our current customers and partners. They are always ready to bring their wide expertise to accept new challenges.
Nitrowave WNMS is a Enterprise and Carrier-Grade Wireless Network Management System. A single software solution simplifies a large number of management and monitoring tasks for network administrators. Nitrowave ’s comprehensive network management system supports several thousands of nodes. Multiple networks may be maintained and monitored using one server. A rich feature set helps to diagnose network problems effectively, visualize networks on a map, perform scheduled firmware upgrades automatically, track states of devices, get failure alerts, and collect statistics. The Web-based system environment supports multi-user accounts. Several administrators may manage different networks on the same server, without having access to each other’s equipment.

NITROCOM said...

RACOM is a primary producer, i.e. we do our own research & development of both Hardware and Software for all our product lines: Radio modem, GPRS/EDGE/UMTS router and Microwave link. Whenever the need arises, one can always find the responsible person for the respective part of a product at RACOM.
Services:


Pre-sales Support

With our help you can trust that you are getting the right product to fulfil your customers requirement. We can help guide and support you with all pre-sales questions and design needs.
Planning and Design
Correctly planning and designing you wireless network is imperative to ensure you get the speed, services and value for money. Using our premium services we can assist you with planning and designing your wireless network.
Installation and Aftercare
Take the stress out of technical projects, have us set up your solution and deliver it to your customers door, ready to plug in. We offer pre-staging, consultancy, product support & troubleshooting and RMAs.

NITROCOM said...

Marketing Plus
As a value-added distributor, Purdicom offers a range of marketing support to its partners including templates, event assistance and telesales resource. These templates include HTML emails, PDFs, infographics and technology guides across each of the vendors that Purdicom distributes.



Visit some important pages from the perspective of customers :



telecom wireless solutionsharmony radio litehuawei microwavesm saleSpectronite ray point to point microwave link

ahanaval hoonam said...

علاقه مندان برای [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87/"]خرید و فروش لوله آهنی[/URL] ، [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87/"]خرید و فروش لوله فلزی[/URL] ، [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87/"]خرید و فروش لوله گاز[/URL] ، [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87/"]خرید و فروش لوله صنعتی[/URL] ، [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87/"]خرید و فروش لوله فولادی[/URL] ، [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87/%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87-%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B3%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%A8%D8%AF%D9%88%D9%86-%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%B2/"]خرید و فروش لوله مانیسمان[/URL] ، [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%81%D9%84%D9%86%D8%AC-%D9%84%D8%A8%D9%87-%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1/"]خرید و فروش فلنج[/URL] ، [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D8%A7%D8%AA%D8%B5%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AA/"]خرید و فروش اتصالات لوله[/URL] ، [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%85%DB%8C%D9%84%DA%AF%D8%B1%D8%AF/"]خرید و فروش میلگرد[/URL] ، [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%82/"]خرید و فروش ورق فولادی[/URL] و حتی [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D8%AA%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A2%D9%87%D9%86-%D9%88-%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%B4/"]قیمت آهن آلات و تیرآهن[/URL] ، [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D8%AA%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A2%D9%87%D9%86-%D9%88-%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%B4/"]خرید و فروش پروفیل و آهن آلات[/URL] می توانند به [URL="http://ahanaval.com/"]شرکت آهن اول[/URL] مراجعه نمایید و با کارشناسان ما در ارتباط باشید.
برخی از [URL="http://ahanaval.com/"]خدمات آهن اول[/URL] :
[URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87/"]قیمت لوله فولادی و صنعتی[/URL] | [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87/%D9%84%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87-%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B3%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%A8%D8%AF%D9%88%D9%86-%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%B2/"]قیمت لوله مانیسمان[/URL] | [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D8%A7%D8%AA%D8%B5%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%AA/"]قیمت اتصالات لوله[/URL] | [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%85%DB%8C%D9%84%DA%AF%D8%B1%D8%AF/"]قیمت روز میلگرد[/URL] | [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%85%DB%8C%D9%84%DA%AF%D8%B1%D8%AF/"]انواع میلگرد[/URL] | [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%82/"]قیمت ورق فولادی[/URL] | [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D8%AA%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A2%D9%87%D9%86-%D9%88-%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%B4/"]قیمت ورق آهن[/URL] | [URL="http://ahanaval.com/%D8%AA%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A2%D9%87%D9%86-%D9%88-%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%B4/"]قیمت روز تیرآهن[/URL]

Nooran Telecommunications said...

در این مقاله با دسترسی به سوییچ التکس و کانفیگ محصولات التکس آشنا بشوید. در ادامه این مقاله شما با مدیریت سوییچ التکس و پیکربندی سوییچ التکس بیشتر آشنا می شوید.
دسترسی به تنظیمات سوئیچ التکس | کانفیگ eltex | پیکربندی eltex

سازمان تنظیم مقررات و ارتباطات رادیویی را از سایت نوران دنبال کنید. شما میتوانید سازمان تنظیم مقررات رادیویی را همیشه با آپدیت جدید دستگاه های تایید نمونه دنبال کنید.
فرکانس رادیو | رگولاتوری | ارتباطات رادیویی | تایید نمونه سازمان تنظیم مقررات | CRA | TA | سازمان تنظیم | باند آزاد | فرکانس 24 | رادیو باند آزاد

تایید نمونه رادیو راکام | تایید نمونه لینک 24 گیگاهرتز | اخبار تجهیزات راکام | تایید نمونه لینک 24ghz


آشنایی با شرکت راکام را با تعریف لینک 24 گیگاهرتز شروع می کنیم.
علاقه مندان جهت شناخت رادیو لینک 24ghz با مراجعه به صفحه what is racom با این کمپانی آشنا بشوید.
رادیو راکام | racom | لینک 24 گیگ | لینک 24 | racom چیست

ahanaval hoonam said...

علاقه مندان براي خريد و فروش لوله آهني ، خريد و فروش لوله فلزي ، خريد و فروش لوله گاز ، خريد و فروش لوله صنعتي ، خريد و فروش لوله فولادي ، خريد و فروش لوله مانيسمان ، خريد و فروش فلنج ، خريد و فروش اتصالات لوله ، خريد و فروش ميلگرد ، خريد و فروش ورق فولادي و حتي قيمت آهن آلات و تيرآهن ، خريد و فروش پروفيل و آهن آلات مي توانند به سايت آهن اول مراجعه نماييد و با کارشناسان ما در ارتباط باشيد.
برخي از خدمات آهن اول :
قيمت لوله فولادي و صنعتي | قيمت لوله مانيسمان | قيمت اتصالات لوله | قيمت روز ميلگرد | انواع ميلگرد | قيمت ورق فولادي | قيمت ورق آهن | قيمت روز تيرآهن

ahanaval hoonam said...

علاقه مندان براي خريد و فروش لوله آهني ، خريد و فروش لوله فلزي ، خريد و فروش لوله گاز ، خريد و فروش لوله صنعتي ، خريد و فروش لوله فولادي ، خريد و فروش لوله مانيسمان ، خريد و فروش فلنج ، خريد و فروش اتصالات لوله ، خريد و فروش ميلگرد ، خريد و فروش ورق فولادي و حتي قيمت آهن آلات و تيرآهن ، خريد و فروش پروفيل و آهن آلات مي توانند به سايت آهن اول مراجعه نماييد و با کارشناسان ما در ارتباط باشيد.
برخي از خدمات آهن اول :
قيمت لوله فولادي و صنعتي | قيمت لوله مانيسمان | قيمت اتصالات لوله | قيمت روز ميلگرد | انواع ميلگرد | قيمت ورق فولادي | قيمت ورق آهن | قيمت روز تيرآهن